Internet use in Britain

Description The map shows percentage of Internet users in local authority districts (LADs) in England, Wales and Scotland based on a statistical tool called Small Area Estimation. Darker shading indicates […]

Mapping collaborative software

Description Github is one of the world’s biggest and best-known hosting services for software development projects. The shading of the map illustrates the number of users as a proportion of […]

The anonymous Internet

Description This cartogram illustrates users of Tor: one of the largest anonymous networks on the Internet. Data The data are freely and openly available on the Tor Metrics Portal, which […]

Uneven Geographies of OpenStreetMap

Description This series of maps shows the location of edited content in the world’s largest collaborative mapping project: OpenStreetMap. Data The maps use OpenStreetMap data downloaded from on December […]

A global division of microwork

This graphic illustrates the global division of microwork undertaken on the ODesk platform and reveals some of its locally divergent practices.

Internet Tube

Description This schematic map shows a simplification of the world’s network of submarine fibre-optic cables. Data The map uses data sourced from Each node has been assigned to a […]

Geographic Knowledge in Freebase

Description This map shows the global distribution of geo-located entities described in Freebase, a collaborative knowledge base that defines itself as “an open shared database of the world’s knowledge”. Data […]

Geographies of Google Search

Description This graphic illustrates the number of pages indexed by Google about each country. Data The data were collected through the Google Custom Search API. We searched for each country […]

Open Data Index

Description This interactive bar chart visualizes the “openness” of countries in terms of the availability of open datasets in a range of sectors. The “openness” metrics are all described in […]

The Geographically Uneven Coverage of Wikipedia

Description This map points out the highly uneven spatial distribution of (geotagged) Wikipedia articles in 44 language versions of the encyclopaedia. Slightly more than half of the global total of […]

A world’s panorama

Description This map represents the location of public photographs published on Panoramio, one of the largest photo-sharing services on the Web. Data The map uses data collected via the Panoramio […]

The World Through the Eyes of a Search Algorithm

Description These maps show what properties Google Autocomplete associates with countries when one asks the question “why is (country x) so …”. These results offer a window into how Google, […]

Geographic coverage of Wikivoyage

This graphic depicts the geographic focus of four major languages of the Wikivoyage project; one of the world’s most popular crowd-sourced travel guides.

Broadband affordability

This map presents an overview of broadband affordability, as the relationship between average yearly income per capita and the cost of a broadband subscription.

Geographic intersections of languages in Wikipedia

This graph illustrate the percentage of geo-referenced articles in the twenty editions of Wikipedia containing the larges number of geo-referenced articles.

Gender and Social Networks

This graphic shows the population of some of the world’s most popular social platforms segmented by the gender of their users.

World-wide news web

This map depicts mentions of multiple places in news articles between 1979 and 2013. Brighter lines indicate more connections between places.

Mapping the Times Higher Education’s top-400 universities

This map depicts the locations of the world’s top 400 universities as ranked by the Times Higher Education. It also illustrates the relative wealth of the country that hosts each university.

Geography of Top-Level Domain names

This graphic maps a combination of generic top-level domains (gTLDs) and country code top-level domains (ccTLDs) in order to provide an indication of the total number of domain registrations in every country worldwide.

Information Imbalance: Africa on Wikipedia

This visualization plots the number of Wikipedia articles about every country in Africa in order to show an important facet of their online visibility.

The geographic focus of world media

This graphic illustrates the number of events listed in the Global Database of Events, Language, and Tone, from January 1979 until August 5th, 2013. The database is a compiled from stories in media outlets from almost every country on Earth.

Age of Internet Empires

This map illustrates the most visited website in each country.

Google Removal Requests

This is a visualization of the requests Google receives “from government agencies and courts around the world to remove content from [Google’s] services or to review such content to determine if it should be removed for inconsistency with a product’s community policies”.

Mapping the GeoNames Gazetteer

This visualization illustrates the density of place names listed in the GeoNames, the largest freely available gazetteer (i.e., a dictionary of geographic place names) covering the globe.

Internet Population and Penetration

This map illustrates the total number of Internet users in a country as well as the percentage of the population that has Internet access.

A Geography of Twitter

By mapping the distribution of tweets in the world it becomes apparent that Twitter is allowing for broader participation than is possible in most other platforms and media. In other words, it might be allowing for a ‘democratisation’ of information production and sharing because of its low barriers to entry and adaptability to mobile devices.

Interactive Map of Wikipedia’s Geospatial Content

In order to allow users to explore Wikipedia’s geographic representations for themselves we have now partnered with TraceMedia to produce an interactive map of Wikipedia’s geocoded content in seven languages.

Mapping English Wikipedia

Each point on the map indicates one English Wikipedia article that has been geotagged. Not all articles are geotagged, but almost all articles about events and places tend to be.

Mapping Article Length in Wikipedia

Each point on the map indicates one article in the English version of Wikipedia article that has been geotagged. The data are then shaded according to how many words each of those articles contains.

Academic Knowledge and Language

This graphic visualises the role that language plays within the reproduction of academic knowledge in scientific journals. This visualisation segments academic journals by language and country and shades each country by the average impact factor of the journals published within it.

Academic Knowledge and Publishers

This series of graphics depicts the control of academic journals in the Web of Knowledge index by publishers. Mapping academic publishers allows us to understand the geography of who controls the printing and dissemination of academic knowledge.

Literacy and Gender

Literacy is an often overlooked factor in examining the flows, production and consumption of knowledge. This map visualises overall literacy rates and rates of literacy by gender around the world.

Mapping Flickr

This map reveals the global geographic distribution of geotagged images on the platform, and thus reveals the density of visual representations and locally depicted knowledge of all places on our planet.

Mapping Edits to Wikipedia from Africa

To make this map, we took quarterly data about the total number of edits (to all Wikipedia versions) to emerge from any territory (i.e. the amount of content that people are producing in each country) and averaged it over a two year period (2010-2011).

The Distribution of all Wikipedia Articles

Wikipedia is one of the world’s largest and most important repositories of crowdsourced knowledge. This map uncovers the distinct geographies of that information.

The Location of Academic Knowledge

The production and publication of academic knowledge has distinct geographies. This graphic visualises the locations of academic journals listed in Thompson Reuters’ Web of Knowledge: the most important and influential collection of academic content.

The World’s Newspapers

The importance and visibility of traditional media is often overlooked. This map visualises the world’s 100 largest newspapers as well as the number of physical papers printed daily in each country.

Time-series of the Distribution of Biographies on Wikipedia over the Last Five Centuries

In order to further explore geographic differences of knowledge about the world in Wikipedia, this time-series of maps visualises the distribution of articles about people in the encyclopaedia from the sixteenth century until the present-day.

User Generated Content in Google

Knowledge indexed by Google plays a key role in how we perceive our material, offline environment. This map visualises the amount of user-generated content indexed by Google in 2009 in a sample of 250,000 points around the world.

Internet Population and Penetration 2008

This visualisation illustrates the raw number of Internet users in each country as well as the percentage of the population with Internet access.